In 2001-2005 Poland implemented, owing to a loan obtained from the World Bank, a Programme for the Activisation of Rural Areas. It was the first multisectoral programme launched during the period of transformations that was designed to support several sectors important for the development of rural areas. The programme consisted of three components: A - Micro-loans, B - Activisation of Human Resources, C - Infrastructure. This article presents the results achieved owing to the implementation of the Programme's component C. It was designed to stimulate the development of rural infrastructure in four important areas: the construction of water supply systems, sewage systems and sewage treatment plants, the construction of local roads and organisation of dumping grounds for waste materials. Component C was the only element of the Programme realised in all (16) provinces of Poland. It also was the element, which consumed a larger portion of the World Bank's loan (39%) than any other component of the Programme. Although the Programme's contribution to the general improvement of infrastructure of Poland's rural areas was not very impressive the realisation of Component C in the communes covered by the Programme resulted in the number of measurable and non-measurable advantages, including the construction of various facilities, the creation of new jobs and an improvement in the living standards.