ESCAPE FROM PICTORIALISM. FEMALE ARTISTIC PHOTOGRAPHY IN INTERWAR POLAND ON THE EXAMPLE OF SELECTED FEMALE ARTISTS
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The biggest problem in the female artistic photography in interwar Poland is not an absence of interesting female artists but their total exclusion from the history of art and photography. Whereas photography, since its very beginning, was considered to be suitable for women. Being new, photography did not have a patriarchal tradition that would bar women from the occupations associated with it; and its prospect potential and power was unnoticed for quite a while. It is characteristic that the number of photographing women decreased proportionally with increasing presence of photographs in museums. The most famous of Polish photographers in the interwar period were Janina Mierzecka, Zofia Chometowska and Julia Pirotte. Fryderyka Olesinska, Cecylia Lewicka, Krystyna Chroscicka-Neuman and Maria Panasewicz should also be mentioned. The problem of their artistic creativity pertains to their double exclusion - because of their gender and because of their sphere of activity defeated by the canonical disciplines of fine arts.
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