Právo veřejnosti na dokumenty v USA a Francii : Soudobé historické prameny a proměna role veřejných archivů ve 21. století
The right of public access to records in the USA and France : Contemporary historical resources and the transformation of the role of public archives in the 21st century
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The following study aims to define, describe and to demonstrate in selected real examples the tendency, which it has detected in the relation of advanced, democratic societies, towards the documents and resources of primarily oficial provenance, namely by the supreme representatives of public power. The tendency, according to the proposed thesis of this study, relies on the gradual implementation and enforcement of society’s claim to the ownership and access to writings, records, documents and historical resources of oficial provenance, in particular those by the supreme represenatives of the state. this contribution will also document the existence of this trend by outlining some legislative changes which have occurred since the middle of the 20th century up to the present day. Using this trend, this study aims to demonstrate, among others, the above and in what means some basic democratic mechanisms can implement themselves and further develop in relation to documents, textual and nontextual resources, namely on the part of historians, archivists and other persons participating in the administration of the documents of oficial provenance and future potential resources and of the whole of society. This contribution intends to outline the important and ever progressive transformation of public archives in recent decades as one of the crucial consequences thereof.
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