The content and the meaning of Czech symbolic phenomena was not uniform in the Slovak environment. The participation of Slavs (i.e. Czechs and Slovaks) in creation of a civilisation was demonstrated by means of these phenomena and they were chiefly considered a counterbalance to Hungarian or German symbols. During the national conflicts and struggles at the time, which were restricted by the prejudice and biases against the other side (positive Slavs, negative Hungarians and Germans), these phenomena were chiefly intended to reinforce the selfrespect and self-confidence of Slovak intellectuals. The Czechoslovak dimension of these symbols played a similar defensive role.