Demographic Aspects of Labour Resources in Poland till 2030
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he presented analysis reveal some important facts to which attention should be drawn: (1) The period of systemic reforms inaugurated in 1989 coincided with the phase of demographic development characterised by exceptionally strongly extended reproduction of the population of working age. (2) After 2009 the demographic reproduction of labour resources will have a narrowed character. This fact will contribute to the emergence of far more favourable conditions for reducing unemployment. However, in rural areas narrowed reproduction will start later than in urban areas and it will have a less dynamic character. (3) In rural areas the narrowed reproduction of labour resources will start after 2014. More favourable conditions will emerge then for the restructuring of agriculture designed to lead to a reduction in the number of persons employed in agriculture and in the share of farming in the total structure of employment. (4) However, after a few years a new unfavourable phenomenon will surface, namely the phenomenon of the ageing of the labour resources and, consequently, of diminished propensity of persons looking for a job to show both spatial and vocational mobility. The process of ageing of the labour resources will be intensifying at a relatively high rate, especially after 2020. Although this tendency will surface both in rural and urban areas the labour resources in rural areas will be relatively younger and, consequently, characterized by greater mobility.
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