THE THEME OF TECHNOLOGY IN AVANT-GARDES AND ITS SIGNIFICATION
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The paper is an attempt of the systematic presentation and explication of diversity in attitudes towards various contemporary technological phenomena in classical avant-gardes. The point of departure is the anthropological consideration of the sense of technology in general, according to A. Gehlen. The positive and negative accentuation of technology ('fascination' and 'nausea') in German Expressionism, its adoration in Futurism and Meyerhold's theater and its interiorization in post-Expressionism and Surrealism indicate not only different perception of various phenomena of civilization but also different and progressing understanding of the creative, traditional culture and politics.
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