The following paper presents the results of an empirical study conducted on a sample of 232 Polish organizations. The bulk of the sample consists of medium-size, limited liability companies owned by Polish bodies other than the State Treasury. The companies operate on international markets in the field of industry. The research looked at the position of HRM departments and specialists in the organizational structure of the companies - department location, number of employees responsible for personnel administration, professional external support in the form of collaboration with professional personnel advisers, and the organization and management of diverse HRM tasks. This paper constitutes only a fragment of a greater research effort that focuses on the impact of general strategy on motivation methods.