The article aims at showing the nature of sociological discourse analysis and establishing its specificity in view of other kinds of research regarding it. The text opens with the presentation of the multiplicity of discourse definitions, which stem from various scholarly disciplines. That leads the authoress to the conclusion that discourse analysis is by no means a cohesive theoretical and methodological perspective, nor a self-sufficient or integrated discipline, but rather a collection of various areas of inquiry with a dominating position of linguistics. Despite the above-mentioned shortcoming, it is possible to distinguish a sociological approach to discourse analysis and this type of research remains largely unused by the sociologists. The article points to various ways of further development of sociological discourse analysis as well as potential integration of social theory with discourse analysis.