THE TRAUMATIC YEARS 1943/1944: GERMANS AND ITALIANS COMING TO TERMS WITH THEIR MILITARY PAST
This article outlines contemporary research on the German occupation of the Apennine Peninsula between 1943-1945 in German historiography. It focuses upon two studies by German historians, Kerstin von Lingen and Joachim Staron, who have investigated the impact of the occupation and repressions upon the Italian population in terms of the cultural memory of post-war (West) Germany and Italy. Lingen has followed the origins of the enduring myth of the Wermacht's 'clean war' on the Italian Front in West German society regarding the life of General Albert Kesselring. Staron, on the other hand, focuses upon the Italian myth of resistance, fed by memories of the massacre of prisoners and civilians at Fosse Ardeatine and Marzabotto. Both studies are devoted to cultural memories in both Germany and Italy and how they are perceived - Lingen concentrates upon the period of the two post-war decades, while Staron examines events until the 1990s. They base their work upon considerable resources and despite some of the above-mentioned reservations, their work provides a serious contribution to the post-war history of both states in relation to their military pasts.
S. Mikulova, Institut mezinarodnich studii, Fakulta socialnich ved UK, U krize 8, 158 00 Praha 5-Jinonice, Czech Republic
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