The article takes a different approach to the one traditionally taken towards the published form of Adam Mickiewicz's poem 'Baron' (Pan Baron) and, as a consequence, towards Mickiewicz's unpublished texts, especially those from the final period of his creative life. The form of the poem changes if we take into consideration its rough-draft, unfinished character. The scope of the editorial interventions and textual adjustments therefore requires fresh reflection. A new reading of the manuscript enables us to suggest a different reading of words which are difficult to decipher, and to verify decisions regarding the modernization of punctuation. The rough-draft character of the text also inclines us to alter our reading perspective and to shift our attention from the satirical portrait of a sybarite to the clear parallel underlined by Mickiewicz between the art of creating figures out of tobacco smoke and poetic art.