Recent efforts to re-evaluate modernism, the avant-garde and postmodernism in art, as well as modernization and modernity and the thinking of the last 150 years, have also included romanticism. The relativization of modernism and modernity thus has taken a broader perspective than originally expected. Besides the traditional shifting of the responsibility for contemporary shortcomings on the 18th century, critics have also turned to its posterity - romanticism. This has opened the question to which extent are the ideals of the criticism of modernism, its idiosyncrasy, animosity, tendencies and imperatives a critical and methodological heritage of the past, which apparently still continues to radiate its rejection of the modernization, return to the nature, etc. The doing away with the constructs and myths of the romanticism paradoxically shows that the ideological construction of the last centuries was constructed by literary historiography itself by repeating inexact, shifted, re-interpreted and auto-fictional claims, often complex images that it uncritically adopts from the works of its predecessors.
PhDr. Libusa Vajdova, CSc., Ustav svetovej literatury SAV, Konventna 13, 813 64 Bratislava, Sloavk Republic
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