This study summarizes the research activity of the Centre of Excellence in the Research of Cognition CEVKOG. The aim of these research projects was to contribute to the formation of the human cognitive portrait model, as opposed to the reactive and imperfect model. Key aspects of the portrait have been analyzed, including cognitive constructs, learning activity, effect of computers on a cognitive psychology, effect of cognitive processes, memory models, problem solving, effect of cognitive fallacies, cognitive styles and cognitive schemes. The cognitive psychology of science has been discussed, the relation of cognition and intelligence and also wisdom as the cognitive summary of the portrait. The cognitive concept believes in the dominance of knowledge in the context of human existence. Humans rationally regulate their behaviour, actively form their environment and meet life goals.