BILINGUAL JOURNALS AND FICTION PRINTINGS IN THE REGION OF CZECH TESIN AFTER THE SECOND WORLD WAR. CONTRIBUTION TO THE THEME OF BILINGUALISM (Czech title - below)
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(Title in Czech - 'Dvojjazycni casopisy a beletristicke tisky na Ceskem Tesinsku po druhe svetove valce. Prispevek k problematice bilingvismu'). The subject of the author's reflection is a bilingualism of Silesian Tesin (after 1920 Czech Tesin), namely the shaping of this bilingualism in newspapers and in literary books after 1989. The essays are primarily based on a literary output of publishers, and special literary and cultural magazines. The author focuses on a genre of poetry that seems to be not only the most frequent but also the most characteristic in the genre system of the given area. This is demonstrated not only by the amount of collections, analects, anthologies, and almanacs, but by making comparison with the prose of the region. The most intensive expansion of Polish cultural, culturally-social and educational life in the Czech Tesin region started in the period between the two world wars when some elements of the cultural life started to stabilize and some others only started to form. A certain type of cultural life gradually started to develop; despite of the existence of formal obstacles, there were some conditions under which a certain literary culture evolved. Polish literature in the Czech Tesin region did not have any aspirations to surmount a stage of regional writings, which met the specific needs of the region's inhabitants. There was no literary criticism in the region of Czech Tesin; that would determine norms, regulations, rules and valuations necessary for the standard existence of literary life. There did not arise any academic and special research centres, where some of the Polish experts (scholars, intellectuals, and specialists) would work. It was only about local types of literary activities, which were not united overall. There were a lot of positive elements helping to develop a Polish 'minority' culture and literature, but on the other hand there existed many limitations caused by specific political conditions.
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