GIZELA REICHER-THONOWA - A FORGOTTEN MOTHER OF POLISH COMPARATIVE LITERARY STUDIES (Gizela Reicher-Thonowa, zapomniana matka polskiej komparatystyki literackiej)
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The article aims to construct the biography of Gizela Reicher-Thonowa (1904-1941?), the authoress of an outstanding book 'Ironia Juliusza Slowackiego w swietle badan estetyczno-porownawczych' (Juliusz Slowacki's irony in the light of aesthetic-comparative studies) (1933). Initially, Reicher-Thonowa's work encountered misunderstanding on the part of the academic community as too innovative and advanced for her contemporaries' thinking on Polish Romantic literature. Moreover, being a woman and Jewish, she could not expect to make a career in humanities in prewar Poland. Gizela Reicher-Thonowa's biography has been constructed from the scanty documents and letters preserved in archives. It presents the following stages of her life: comparative studies at the Jagiellonian University in Cracow, doctoral defense in 1926, her marriage to Albert Teitelbaum (vel Thon), leaving for Lodz, arrival to Cracow with her daughter during the war in 1940, and finally, her employment in a Jewish organization aiding orphans. It is the last stage of her life documented in archives. The International Tracing Service Arolsen informs that Gizela Reicher-Thonowa's family was murdered in 1941 in Belzec concentration camp, and Gizela herself most likely also died at the hands of the Nazis.
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