The history of Czech ethnography in the period of occupation is one of the longtime ignored topics. This chapter in the discipline’s history has aroused the researchers’ interest only recently. Yet still the idea prevails that the closure of Czech universities was equal to the decline of all ethnographic activities in the Czech lands. This statement is valid only to a limited degree, and if we include activities of Czech- German colleagues in the domestic ethnographic tradition, then this image radically changes. The submitted study aims to point out the fact that the German-language variant of the discipline, but under diverse period names and in combination with other disciplines, experienced research and institutional growth. It developed in reformed and newly founded institutions. However, the flourishing of ethnographic departments and the growth of discipline’s prestige was redeemed by its strong ideologization and political instrumentalization. In the context of several particular research projects, the text pays special attention to the Sudeten-German Institute for the Research into Country and Folk with the seat in Liberec.