The author characterizes the functions of fear (anxiety) in Young Poland's vividness and perception of the world. Omnipresent and various forms of anxiety strengthened the characteristic of the epoch pessimism, and also proved to be, as in the case of Tadeusz Micinski's poetry, an existential challenge. The richest repertoire of anxiety neuroses is observed in Stanislaw Przybyszewski's writings, in which one can distinguish between three types of an alarmed man. The first is a searcher of liberation from the hell of fears (in prose poems), the second - an ambivalent slave to anxiety and a discoverer (due to his experience of fear) of the real being (in the novels on an artist) and the third, a perverse creator of a total terror which stimulates the protagonist's imagination and also destroys him (in Satanist novels).
W. Gutowski, Uniwersytet Kazimierza Wielkiego w Bydgoszczy, ul. Chodkiewicza 30, 85-064 Bydgoszcz, Poland
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