Settlement in the territory between the Olšava, Morava and Bečva rivers, and the reflection in local toponymy
The structure analysis of toponymy (a sum of toponyms) in a certain territory (language) leads to the typology of language properties (ways of creation, motivations, etc.), on the basis of which it is possible, while taking into account the use of particular structure elements, to define, among other things, also their chronological layers and spread within an area. This method called the method of small types is aninvention of Czech topomastics (V. Šmilauer: Osídlení Čech ve světle místních jmen [The Settlement in Bohemia in the Light of Local Names]. 1960). Based on the analysis of the mentioned space toponymy, which was conducted using the above method, the gradual spreading of (early)medieval old settlement area of Moravia towards the East is demonstrated on the maps with the representative types of toponyms. This confirms the property of local dialects as an archaic edge of the Czech language. The “Rumanian” elements are exclusively sub-sequent and thematically specified lexical transfers, which have been spread throughout the Carpathians as well as the Balkans. The “movement” is not understood in the sense of migration, but as an extension of the old space. The interpretation of the all-Carpathian dialectology is included, which clearly demonstrates the concept of “Wallachian” colonization and the kinds of migrations as a cultural phenomenon. Its lexical nature is explained through that.
Česká národopisná společnost, z. s., Národní třída 3, 117 20 Praha 1, Czech Republic
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