SPIRITUALITY OF AMERICAN AND CZECH STUDENTS - A CROSS-CULTURAL COMPARISON
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The focus of this study is verification of the cross-cultural robustness of Piedmont's Spiritual Transcendence Scale (STS, Piedmont, 1999) with regard to a sample of Czech students (N = 410). Means and variances of individual items as well as of the original scales (Prayer Fulfilment, Universality, and Connectedness) were found comparable, with differences well understandable in the context of general cross-cultural differences, especially of the dramatically higher explicit religiosity of the American population. Patterns of scale inter-correlations and alpha-reliabilities were also comparable. Exploratory factor analysis, using the same procedure as that of R. Piedmont, yielded factors similar to the original ones, with the reservation that two of them were less clearly differentiated from each other. This similarity could be improved by means of target rotation, especially if the principle of simple structure was given up, in favour of the fit in critical factor loadings. Confirmatory factor analysis, however, revealed only limited agreement in terms of statistical significance.
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