The article concerns a problem of Hölderlin's putative madness and its potential influence on his work. The auhoress discusses Jaspers' and Adorno's views on this theme. She refers also indirectly to Heidegger's opinions and discusses comparatively K.H. Bohrer's article devoted to Nietzsche's madness. Her aim is to show an objective difficulty of proving a thesis received by Jaspers that Hölderlin's work is a clear testimony of his increasing mental disease. She confronts his poetry with Schelling's conception of a creative process and a mythological consciousness. She refers also to Jung's analysis of Miss Miller's case as a 'school example of a schizophrenia'. She would like to show that Hölderlin had a creative and mythological consciousness because he was a poet or an artist but this is not equal to a stronger thesis that his consciousness was totally dominated by such kind of a process and that he lost all of his poetical skills, his individuality and became a really mad person.