Assemblies of the medical circles of the Kingdom of Poland in the years 1908-1914 were a kind of reflexion for their activity both in undertaking and attempting at solving the contemporary salubrious problems of the country. An idea of organizing the cyclical meetings was initiated by two of the biggest centres - Warsaw and Lódz. Within the first of the centres there appeared a conception of organizing the hygienists' assemblies, and within the second one - an idea of the conferences for provincial doctors and apothecaries. Organization and realization of the medical circles' assemblies in the Kingdom of Poland was possible thanks to the activity and committal of the societies that also came from outside the centres being the main ventures' organizers. In general, there were organized seven provincial assemblies. Within this number four of the assemblies were organized by the hygienists, two - by the doctors, and one - by the apothecaries. Predominatingly the ventures' organizers were: Lublin i Lódz (twice), and once: Czestochowa, Wloclawek and Kalisz. None of the provincial assemblies took place in Warsaw. This fact stayed in accordance with the initiators' ideas that indicated the need for activating the smaller centres. The assemblies drew attention and interest of the medical circles. Among others, it can be testified with a great attendance of the representatives that came not only from different centres of the Kingdom of Poland, but also - to a lesser degree - from other territories of the Russian, Galician and Poznan sector. Subject matter, which was undertaken during the meetings, was widely discussed both in the columns of the professional periodicals and in the local press.