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2023 | 162 | 8 | 743-763

Article title

Fenomén latinskoamerického sociálneho konštitucionalizmu na príklade Mexika a Peru


Title variants

The phenomenon of Latin American social constitutionalism on the example of Mexico and Peru

Languages of publication



Social constitutionalism consists in enshrining second-generation human rights in the Constitution and implementing them with systematic support from the state. This complex phenomenon is a kind of middle ground between liberalism and socialism, which is usually referred to as “social liberalism” or “social democracy”. The paper is a case study focused on the social constitutionalism of Mexico and Peru in the first half of the 20th century, which was the period when the solid foundations of this type of constitutionalism were formed in both states. At the same time, Mexico is the world leader in the introduction of social constitutionalism (1917). Peru was the second Latin American country in which this phenomenon appeared (1920). Mexican and Peruvian social constitutionalism are thus the two oldest and also to a large extent, but not completely, similar constitutional arrangements of second-generation human rights in the Latin American area (right to education, right to private property limited by its social function, workers’ rights, social security and others). At the same time, these are relatively complex legal arrangements that have stimulated fundamental social, economic and political transformations in both Mexico and Peru.


  • Právník, redakce, Ústav státu a práva AV ČR, v.v.i., Národní 18, 116 00 Praha 1, Czech Republic
  • Právník, redakce, Ústav státu a práva AV ČR, v.v.i., Národní 18, 116 00 Praha 1, Czech Republic


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Publication order reference


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