DEVELOPMENT OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY COOPERATION BETWEEN THE ACADEMY SCIENCE AND THE HIGHER EDUCATION: SEARCH FOR BALANCED FORMS OF INTERACTIONS (90s OF XX CENTURY)
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Scientific capabilities accommodated in the Academy of Sciences of Ukraine (NAS) have had traditional priority in basic research. In contrast to the NAS, the higher school in Ukraine has had less favorable conditions for it. A burning problem for the Ukrainian higher school is its dissociation from the research process, which downgrades quality and competitiveness of the higher education in Ukraine. This problem can be solved through extensive integration of the Academy science and education. Analysis of the effort in the Ukrainian higher school in 90s shows that it was focused on seeking for effective forms of integration with the Academy, to bridge the gap between research teams from the Academy and higher school, by setting up the required legal and institutional framework. The integration was encouraged by a series of legal documents: the Agreement (1994) and the Resolution (1995) on Cooperation between the NAS of Ukraine and the Ministry of Education, President's Decree of on reforming the higher education in Ukraine (1995) etc. A series of integration forms that followed included agreements on science & technology cooperation between the NAS and HEEs, creation of research entities of double subordination (to the NAS and the Ministry of Education), joint laboratories, departments and research units within HEEs, joint research teams, science & education & production complexes at HEEs, regional science & technology programs for economic development. Also, a series of joint proposals for reforming the Ukrainian science have been put forward.
- Tetyana V. Bessalova, G.M.Dobrov Center for Science & Technology Potential and Science History Studies of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine (Tsentr doslidzhen' naukovo-tekhnichnogo potentsialu ta istorii nauky imeni G.M. Dobrova NAN Ukrainy); 60, bulvar Tarasa Shevchenka, 01032, Kyiv-32, Ukraine
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