The article provides substantial analysis of scientific degrees architecture of home and foreign system of education and science since the moment of their origin until the modern state. Widely discussable in the society draft law 'On certification of scientific, scientific and pedagogical personnel of higher qualification' proposed by VAK of Ukraine is reviewed and its drawbacks are presented. Based on the main provisions of the Bologna declaration and Berlin communiqué that are obligatory for Ukraine, the authoress presents her opinion about the transformation process that now takes place in scientific and educational system in the developed countries worldwide. The main principles of the draft law 'On training and state certification of scientific, scientific and pedagogical personnel of higher qualification' prepared by G.M.Dobrov Center of scientific and technical potential study and science history (CDPIN of National Academy of sciences of Ukraine) are published. Its authors believe that such principles could make national system of training and certification of scientific, scientific and pedagogical personnel of higher qualification closer to the essential part of scientific personnel certification in European countries taking into account national experience and traditions that were formed within many decades in Ukraine.