THE GOVERNMENT OF THE SECOND REPUBLIC OF OPLAND VS. THE FINANCIAL POLICIES OF JEWISH COMMUNITIES (WITH SPECIAL EMPHASIS ON WARSAW) (Rzad II Rzeczypospolitej wobec gospodarki finansowej gmin zydowskich (ze szczególnym uwzglednieniem Warszawy))
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In the 2nd Republic, Jewish communities lived off fees and various kinds of charges (chiefly from ritual slaughter and tombstones). The fees and charges were collected arbitrarily by the community authorities. The state authorities, which were empowered to check the finances of the communities, sought to introduce an orderly system in this regard. In 1931, the Ministry of Religious Denominations and Public Instruction issued an ordinance, which envisaged the tying of the amount of community fees to the amount of taxes paid to the state and defining the amounts of charges collected by the communities. The ordinance met with the resistance of Jewish communities, that resistance being coordinated by the Jewish community in Warsaw. The chief argument of the opponents of the reform were the excessive burdens on employees and members of the professions compared to entrepreneurs. The protests of the Jewish self-government activists were successful as the state authorities consented to endless postponements of the reform, with the final date of its coming into force set for 1942.
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