This article deals with the contemporary perception of the forest in the medieval Czech Lands and its development from the beginning of the 12th century until the early 15th century. It points out the very crux of romantic concepts in terms of the medieval imagination as presented by some representatives of the Annales School. It attempts to outline the possibilities of the reconstruction of fragmented attitudes to the forest environment held by medieval man. The author makes use of written and archaeological sources. For comparison purposes he also embraces the conclusions of anthropological studies.