ROMA, SCHOOL AND DISCRIMINATION (Romowie, szkola i dyskryminacja / O Rroma, i skola thaj i diskriminacia)
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The essential issue regarding transformation of the Roma minority is to combat poverty and social exclusion. However the primary goal should be social inclusion of the Roma minority into the majority of population. It is a matter of changes on the system level, where the formation and education of the Roma pupils play an important role. The requisites of this process are: a) Categorical objection to the Roma pupils being qualified as mentally retarded on the sole account of them inhabiting a socially excluded areas. b) Categorical objection to the IQ tests which gauge the intelligence based on the majority culture. c) Application in the Roma pupils' teaching of modern methods that would develop the Roma pupil's personality together with its Romani aspects. d) Integration in the Roma pupils' teaching of their own culture, represented by the Roma authors and authorities who have the understanding of the Roma culture - both cognitively and emotionally. e) The need to react to malign theories that disavow the Roma culture and history and impair the right of the Roma to their own national identity and self-determination. These stances will provide a viable support also in dealing with exigent social difficulties of the Roma community and in efforts preventing their social exclusion. They will be instrumental in restraining of the Roma pupil's discrimination at school.
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