Hungarus consciousness was an ideological current, which originated at the end of the 18th century as a reaction to various forms of liberalism and nationalism. Although it had a marginal position from the beginning, some of its features still survive in various considerations of the nationality question in the successor states of the former Kingdom of Hungary. The most important supporters of Hungarus consciousness were Gregor Berzeviczy, Jan Caplovic and Juraj Karol Rumy. All three came from multi-ethnic environments, spoke several languages, and so naturally rejected the basic idea of the ethnic Hungarian or Magyar nationalists, who wanted to establish the Hungarian language as the state language and demanded the gradual assimilation of the non-Magyar nations and nationalities in the Kingdom of Hungary. The idea that united them, derived from the idea of the Kingdom of Hungary as a community of equal nations. However, this 'ideal state', described by King Stephen I in his advice to his son Imrich, had no chance to succeed in the conditions of ever more dominant Hungarian ethnic nationalism.