The paper introduces modern era cemeteries in Lower Silesia as specific parts of historical landscape. The timeframe of the topic spans the period from the reforms introduced at the Age of Enlightenment at the end of the 18th century till today. The field research focused on the study of urban, architectural and heritage qualities of cemeteries while taking their stonemason and vegetation components into consideration. This was followed by analysis of cartographic and iconographic sources mostly from the 19th and 20th centuries based on which it was possible to reconstruct the ideal look of cemeteries whose appearance changed significantly after the expulsion of Germans. There is a large set of documents that comprises information about the dramatic character and the scope of the changes. Based on the obtained knowledge we can say that cemeteries in Lower Silesia have been specific historical landscapes which are real sites of memory.