The spiritual essence of man and the world in the philosophy of Vladimír Hoppe
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Hoppe identifies his era as a period of profound spiritual crisis that stems from Comte’s positivism, materialism and technical worldview. Man thus understands himself purely as an object, fully renouncing any spiritual dimension. Hoppe argues that science offers nothing but an illusion of knowledge, since true knowledge is of metaphysical nature – to know truly means first of all to know one’s spiritual essence. Hoppe’s philosophical ideas fuse with his religious concepts and, towards the end of his philosophical endeavours, he turns more and more towards Søren Kierkegaard. Hoppe attempts to overcome the unbridgeable abyss between religion and science, object and subject, the knowable and unknowable using Kierkegaard’s leap of faith. Hoppe’s thematisation of man’s abilities and fate results in a turn to Christianity, much inspired by Kierkegaard, with a specific formulation of the utmost goal – godmanhood.
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