That literary criticism is a matter of judgement is a truth no critic would ever doubt of. Yet only few of them note or pay adequate attention to the fact that the nature of literary criticism is axiological. It means that the critic is always faced with an array of values (artistic, situational, super-aesthetic) on which he has to pass judgement. The critic may assess literary works and the values that are represented in them quite independently, or let himself be influenced by someone else's judgement. Regardless of the way he reaches his conclusions, once they are made they are then addressed to other participants of the literary market, writers, critics, ordinary readers. This obvious fact has a very important implication, namely, the critic is not exempt from ethical obligations. Consequently, the critic should be a mature person who helps others to a better understanding of literature and culture.