SOCIOLOGICAL RESEARCH OF ANTISEMITISM IN SLOVAKIA AFTER 1989 IN A CRITICAL PERSPECTIVE
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The article critically analyses approaches that Slovak sociologists have been using in their analysis of the antisemitism in Slovakia after 1989. It describes quantitative methods used by Slovak sociologists and suggests a need of a complex approach to the research of the antisemitism. Author argues that modern antisemitism is de-judaized, while the Slovak researchers focus more on a research of the prejudices and the stereotypes toward the Jews. The research of the antisemitism in Slovakia is fully dominated by a Bogarduss scale of a social distance while the different relevant research methods are not used by the Slovak experts. Moreover, in the process of the interpretations of the public opinion surveys experts do not take into account the so-called escaping answers of the respondents and the attempts to run away from the answering sensitive questions. The socio-psychological research, reflecting authoritarian personality, anomy, alienation and the ontological insecurity of the common people as the sources of the antisemitism, is rather rare in Slovakia. Consequently, the quantitative research of the antisemitism in Slovakia can be evaluated as insufficient. De-judaized perspective of the antisemitism and even of Jews themselves in a Sartre's sense is remaining one of the greatest challenges for the sociologists researching antisemitism in Slovakia.
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