MOROCCO: REAL AND UNREAL WORLD IN THE OUTPUT OF MUBARAK RABI
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When in 1956 Morocco gained its independence after the colonial period, its literature was one of the forms of the new reality. Like in other Arabic countries convention of realism prevailed. In realistic prose one can see as plain as pikestaff problems that are bothering post-colonial Morocco, though at the same time writers try to break out from pressure of facts by experimenting with literary medium, and works by Mubarak Rabi' (b. 1940), one of the most outstanding Moroccan prose writers are exemplification of both tendencies. In his prose works he depicts post-colonial Morocco with its customs, religious values, political and social problems, national struggles for liberation and a patriarchal family as a dominant frame of reference for individual. In his works Rabi' allows a discussion on the problem of how to set oneself free from the burden of tradition but at the same time not to torment family ties. One of the most important problems in the novels and stories of this author is searching for identity concerning Moroccan and Arabic features of the surrounding reality. The writer undertakes also experiments presenting the subjective images of depicted reality and bringing ambiguous, irreal pictures of Morocco. In this way allows to emphasize significance of its selected phenomena like desert or dramaturgy of cityís life which are source of parabolic or symbolic meanings.
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