EAST AND WEST OR ON RELATIVISM (CZECH FICTION IN 1963) (Vychod a Zapad alebo o relativizacii (Ceska proza v roku 1963))
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The paper is dedicated to a jubilee of Rudolf Chmel. Based on the texts published in 1963 paper deals with relational typology within Czech and Slovak cultural context: 'Prvni sesit Smesnych lasek' (The First Book of Absurd Amours) by Milan Kundera, 'Legenda Emoke' (The Legend Emoke) by Josef Skvorecky, 'Hodina ticha' (An Hour of Silence) by Ivan Klima and his Slovak travel book 'Mezi tremi hranicemi' (Among Three Boarders) from 1960. The difference between Slovak and Czech identity is a specific aesthetic task. Their themes are based on semantic differentiation, on the pivot of cultural identity, ethnic and personal distinctions. All texts signalize consciousness of natural connections (similarity), but also semantic scale of differentiation, which enables to make an ideological and institutional convention of problem and in the background to think about existential questions, typical for the 60s. In the cultural studies ethnicity is considered to function in a level of local and global order. Ivan Klima, after an invocative travel book 'Mezi tremi hranicemi', in the novel 'Hodina ticha' left the existential urgency of Slovak theme and he dealt with it in the ranks of exotic regionalism. Milan Kundera turns it into topographic information and a code of mythic paradigm, Josef Skvorecky receded from the topic of Hungarian-Gipsy soul. The study shows, how the position in the 60s changed the position of Czech-Slovak cultural frame.
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