The author deals with assorted aspects of the integration of contemporary Europe, in which up to now the economy played a priority role. Today, however, the united European project gives pride of place to other fundamental questions: whether the Europeans will become a single nation, or whether the divided memory of Europe will stand in their way? Will it become possible to overcome the different historical experiences of the West and East and discover a joint foundation that will facilitate mutual rapprochement? Finally, will the 'European dream' about a single nation living in harmony and sharing symbols, dreams and targets, come true? All the conflicts and apocalyptic genocides of the twentieth century will remain a warning and a recollection.