PL EN


2007 | 98 | 1 | 5-19
Article title

POSITIVISM: BETWEEN MODERNITY AND MODERNISM

Authors
Title variants
Languages of publication
PL
Abstracts
EN
Positivism is an epoch and a cultural phenomenon vastly important to understand the socio-cultural modernity and the origin of Polish artistic modernism. Positivist thinking is involved into Enlightenment dialectics - a socio-psychological mechanism described by M. Horkheimer and Th. W. Adorno in their 'Dialectics of Enlightenment' (Dialektik der Aufklärung, 1947). This mechanism, penetrating the modern mentality, leads to the formation of artistic modernism in Europe. The dialectics of Polish positivism (variously treated by Teodor Jeske-Choinski, Zygmunt Szweykowski, and Henryk Markiewicz), analogous to dialectics of Enlightenment, leads to instrumental treatment of reason, reification of a man, and wasting of all sense. Thus, modernism constitute different artistic and ideological reactions to the crisis of positivist rationalism, such as decadence, worship of art, symbolism, utopia, interest in primitive cultures, nationalism, conservatism. The reactions in question appear also in writing and in the thought of the representatives of Polish positivism.
Year
Volume
98
Issue
1
Pages
5-19
Physical description
Document type
ARTICLE
Contributors
author
  • M. Gloger, Uniwersytet Kazimierza Wielkiego w Bydgoszczy, ul. Chodkiewicza 30, 85-064 Bydgoszcz, Poland
References
Document Type
Publication order reference
Identifiers
CEJSH db identifier
07PLAAAA02314819
YADDA identifier
bwmeta1.element.11dcbc73-13f5-3031-8cdf-af1cd7d31cc8
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