The article deals with the phenomenon of a new type of settlement in the Polish countryside, which is described as an alternative settlement. It is the phenomenon of more than 25-year long history of town dwellers moving to live in villages. Their system of values is linked to notions connected with ecology. The contact between two, greatly different culture groups - urban intelligentsia with counter-culture roots and native peasant population, results in a variety of interesting relations, including the adoption of peasant values and attitudes as well as their adaptation to the new settlers' own values. The article describes these peasant rules and attitudes that have been accepted by the settlers as valuable and that find application in their life. This, in turn, becomes a reason for considerations concerning similarities between the ecological philosophy and novel ideas of the peasant movement of the interwar period i.e. agrarianism.