This paper deals with one of the earliest form of answering the famous dispute about the nature of universals - usually called vocalism or early 'nominalism'. This text wants to present the beginnings of the theory of vocalism, mainly with respect to delimitation of the logic as a science and with describing of the nature of the subject of the logic, especially in the context of reading works of peripatetic logical tradition (in the first place Introduction written by Porphyry and Boethius's commentaries). Further this paper wants to indicate the oldest representatives of vocalism (second half and the end of the 11th century) and subsequently shows the consequences following the standpoint of vocalism in the application to the semantics.
M. Otisk, for postal address contact the journal editor
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