PL EN


2009 | 70 | 1 | 36-49
Article title

Teorie optimality a slovotvorba

Authors
Content
Title variants
EN
OPTIMALITY THEORY AND WORD-FORMATION
Languages of publication
CS
Abstracts
EN
The present article is a brief overview of some of the papers that have recently attempted to apply Optimality Theory (OT) to word-formation. After an introduction to the main ideas of OT, a survey of some of the most important constraints on word-formation processes is presented. Against the background of two French nouns, 'avionneur' and 'campaniste', widely discussed in Dal & Namer (2005) and J. Stichauer (2006), respectively, it is argued that an OT account that would go beyond the well-established phonological constraints, trying to integrate some of the semantic ones, would encounter problems. In fact, it is not clear under what ranking and under what exact constraints other possible outputs (e.g. 'avionniste' versus 'avionneur', 'campanier' versus 'campaniste') are to be evaluated. Nevertheless, the idea of constraint interaction, based on a ranking of violable restrictions, is emphasized as an interesting framework quite different from the classic rule/exception dichotomy.
Keywords
Contributors
  • Pavel Stichauer, Ustav romanskych studii FF UK, nam. Jana Palacha 2, Praha 1, 116 38, Czech Republic, http://dlib.lib.cas.cz/4131/
References
Document Type
Publication order reference
Identifiers
CEJSH db identifier
09CZAAAA059316
YADDA identifier
bwmeta1.element.14179a8e-0ec7-3399-8c52-90cc8d5a348c
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