This article considers the development of Miroslav Cervenka's ideas on the theory of the lyric subject and communication in lyric verse. He did not lay the foundations of this theory till his dissertation, 'Vyznamova vystavba literarniho dila' (The Semantic Structure of a Work of Literature), in which he defines the lyric subject as one of the semantic complexes within the overall structure of the work. Although Cervenka never completely abandoned this conception, which stems from a structural and semiotic paradigm, he gradually added to it with impulses from other ways of thinking about literary studies. In the article 'Individualni styl a vyznamova vystavba literarniho dila' (Individual Style and the Semantic Structure of a Work of Literature, 1975) he linked the question of subjects in lyric verse to ideas in stylistics and the theory of interpretation. With his theory of subjects in lyric verse, set forth in the articles 'Halasova sebeosloveni' (Halas's forms of self-address, 1985) and 'Sebeosloveni v lyrice' (Self-address in the lyric, 1991), Cervenka moves towards perspectitives of communication. He is concerned with current theory of fiction in the volume 'Fikcnimi svety lyriky' (Fictional Worlds of Lyric Verse, 2003), which, according to this article, was an impulse to methodological considerations about a model of literary history, which would link involvement in interpreting a text with its contextualization from the perspective of literary history.