Civilization is created, lived and developed by science, technology, culture and education. The article is devoted to the debates of conference 'Education - School - Teachers' organized by the Faculty of Education at The Pedagogical University of Cracow and the Comission of Pedagogical Sciences at the Polish Academy of Sciences in 2004. Its participants focused their attention on promoting children development as well as on the place of pedagogy and education in the contemporary typology of sciences. Gradually a new discipline called Theory of Education has been developed. However, a scientific discipline to be focused on school is still lacking. Therefore Scholiology, that is Theory of School is to be created. There is a lack of vision that will support designing of future education. In search of such a vision new interesting theories of society and school, including S. Ramon's theory of learning society and theory of school understood as a learning organisation, as well as changes in school culture and a concept of inter-school additional education for teachers are to be considered. Taking into consideration three possible visions of school development, that is continuation of status quo, rescholarisation and discholarisation, the reform school education is to be based on the first two ways. School needs changes because contemporary young people are different than previous generation both in physical and psychic development, they have different needs, different ways of learning and spending their free time. Therefore it is high time for searching a vision of a new school and teachers' education. One of such visions is Children Development Promoting School. The main aim of education and school is improvement of human quality. Good education cannot exist without a good school, and high quality of school work is guaranteed by good teachers.