The contribution is based on field material collected in four Slovakian villages. It analyses the ways in which the inhabitants identify themselves with their own location as a specific space of their social being. Taking into account the wide spectrum of collective 'human' identities anchored in different local spaces, it is aimed at those in whose content profile predominate the signs connected with the socioeconomic nature of a village. It focuses on phenomena that accentuated - in the positive and negative sense - the affiliation to a location based on employment and existence models of its inhabitants. The contribution states that the importance of a 'community' and the endeavour for quality in social relations, which are based on trust and territorial vicinity, do not peter out in the country even in the situation of 'modern life'. Moreover, the local events have maintained some of its uniting features despite the fact that they are strongly influenced and constructed by dynamic, opposing, and changing external forces disturbing the relations to local culture and countryside.