NEW SETTLEMENT FINDS FROM NIZNA MYSLA. ON THE PROBLEM OF EARLY SLAVIC SETTLEMENT IN THE UPPER TISA REGION. (Nove sidliskove nalezy z Niznej Mysle. K problematike vcasnoslovanskeho osidlenia horneho Potisia)
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A rescue excavation on the area of a transit gas line construction was realised within two seasons at Nizna Mysla, Alamenev position. The site is a multicultural finding place with the focus of settlement during the Late Roman or the Migration period. The study presents early-Slavic finds, beginnings of which came back to the Migration period. They are remains of a pit-house and fragments of vessels that were found in settlement layers. The pottery finds are analysed from the point of view of their production and morphology, with metric data taken into consideration too. Based on the above-mentioned analyses, the pottery fragments from the pit-house are dated to the oldest I. phase of the Prague culture; the finds from the layers are dated to the same period or to the younger II. phase of the Prague culture in the Carpathian basin. Together with finds from the Zdana settlement they are unambiguous representatives of presence of Slavic communities with the Prague culture pottery in the area of Kosice basin that is a geographic part of the upper Tisa region. Relation of the Slavs with Germanic communities and chronological connections of the Slavic settlement with the Avar Khaganate are the topic of consideration. In present, however, no apposite finds or results of the scientific dating methods are available, which could precise the absolute chronology of finds of the time period ranging from the 470s to the year 567/568. Analysis of the Germanic settlement of eastern Slovakia at the end of the Migration period proved its extinction, which provides for dating of the Slavic penetration starting phase to the territory under discussion. The study also substantiates why beginnings of the Early Slavic settlement reach even more back to the pre-Avar period. This statement is indicated also by a remarkable mutual respect, which these two ethnic and civilization circles had for the territories they occupied. This phenomenon is characteristic not only for the Migration period late horizon but for the Avar Khaganate period as well.
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