Haličské „velvyslanectví“ ve Vídni. Ministerstvo pro Halič v politickém životě habsburské monarchie (1871–1918)
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GALICIAN 'EMBASSY' IN VIENNA. THE MINISTRY FOR GALICIA IN THE POLITICAL LIFE OF THE HABSBURG MONARCHY (1871-1918)
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The Poles demanded a special status of autonomy for Galicia almost immediately after its inclusion into the Habsburg Monarchy at the end of 18-century. Among their various postulates, there was a policy of establishing the Chancellor for Galicia, a type of special minister who was to represent Galicia's affairs in Vienna. These postulates were partially realized at the end of 1860s and the early 1870s. In April 1871, Kazimierz Grocholski, the Speaker of the Polish Parliament Club in Vienna, was appointed the first Polish minister without portfolio to the Austrian government. He was unofficially called the minister for Galicia and was a guardian of the Galician and Polish interests in the central government. This is why the Ministry for Galicia was sometimes referred to as the Galician 'embassy' in Vienna. Except for a short period between November 1871 and April 1873, this institution remained a constant element of the Austro-Hungarian political system. The Ministry for Galicia existed until the end of the Habsburg Monarchy in November 1918. Thanks the subsequent Galician ministers, the Poles exerted a considerable influence on the political life and development of the State and could even have been regarded co-rulers in the dual Monarchy. Numerous other nationalities of the Habsburg Monarchy wanted to have a similar institution, but only the Poles gained a ministry for a country (Galicia) and not for a nation like, for example, the Germans or the Czechs.
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