The Controversy over Divine Things is comprised of the Jacobi's work 'On Divine Things and Their Revelation' (1811) that was critical to Schelling, Schelling's reply (1812), and the contemporary opinions on the controversy. The first, larger part, of the paper presents the circumstances of the controversy, its motivations, orientation points, positions taken and ways of making the points, formal methods, argumentation strategies, methods of depreciation of the opponent's ideas and himself. The second part is about the controversy over science. According to Jacobi, science refers only to the natural world, so the knowledge of the supernatural is impossible. A radical split of science and faith follows, all philosophy and theology is considered idolatry, and all manifest forms of religious life are rejected. According to Schelling, however, science and scientific philosophy that is able to decide the matters of traditional metaphysics is possible. That is why, in his opinion, faith will turn into science, into scientific philosophy. Yet, Schelling never realized his project concerning the divine things, and later completely gave it up. In the last part, it is shown that as far as the controversy is concerned, the views of Jacobi and Leszek Kolakowski are not only similar in spirit but completely identical as well.