The study deals with the economical situation of imperial Russia in relation to the foreign policy in the first half of the 1830's. It analyses individual regions of the Russian economy from the budgetary policy to the development of industry. The finance minister Kankrin, one of the few Russian officials who were able to objectively oppose the tsar, played a significant role in decisions regarding financial matters of the empire. He safeguarded the state budget against pressures from the czar and supporters of expensive military operations. An important factor of Russian economical policy was a social issue which was monitored by the czarist administration with regard to potential revolutionary trends. The threat of revolution and an effort to avert it inspired many measures which the czarist administration took in foreign and domestic policy. The article pursues effects of economical factors on the foreign policy and comes to a conclusion that decision-making and foreign political activities were governed by the most straightforward Russian interests. Regardless of the bad financial situation, enough money was finally found to lead a military campaign in Poland; however, Russia refrained from active policy against Belgium or France.