This paper describes the approach of the European Union to the competition policy. In the first part the paper presents the European antitrust law. Then, the work focuses on the antitrust actions, which occurred in the European Union. It means that the legal way-outs from the first part of the work are in the second one applied in the reality by the European administration (respectively by the European judicature). Both parts are divided into three sections - restrictive agreements, dominant position and the mergers. The paper is amended by the description of the present reform and finalized by the evaluation of the European approach to the competition policy.