The paper represents Vladimir Solovev's (who is know as 'the first Russian philosopher') aesthetic conception, which became the source of the religious renessaince in Russia at the turn of nineteenth and twentieth centuries. The Solovev's aesthetics seems to have a special meaning in the culturological aspects: a thinker reads off the world's history in view of Hegel's triada (preserving what is conquered). Solovev comprehends beauty as a perfect and definitive reconciliation of materialistic and spiritual moments of the world. This aspect of Solovev's thought is inseparably connected with an idea of human creative activity. Acording to 'the first Russian philosopher' a constructive human being is only the one, who can save the world. The reflections of the Solovev's aesthetic concept is his reception of Aleksander Pushkin's writings, which - for the Russian thinker - is an example of 'pure poetry'. The paper highlights Solovev's attitude to N. Chernyshevsky's aesthetic concept by using the main ideas of Chernyshevsky; we can see that the first Russsian philosopher 'does justice' also to those forms of culture, which he eventually throws out.