Analýza vývoje území jako podklad pro současné plánování (na příkladu Mariánské zahrady na Jičínsku)
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ANALYSIS OF AREA DEVELOPMENT AS A BASIS FOR CURRENT PLANNING (BY WAY OF EXAMPLE MARIANSKA GARDEN AT THE JICINSKO REGION)
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The poetic compound lexeme Marianska Garden is slowly becoming an accepted name for the area of the south-western Jicinsko region, which is an area, where unique fragments of the composed landscape have been preserved. There are no doubts that it is an important cultural inheritance of the region, however, the question is, what to do next. The territorial planning as a tool of sustainable development, based on a balanced relationship of conditions for a favourable environment, economic development and for cohesiveness of the area inhabitants' society should satisfy the needs of the current generation without being a threat to the living conditions of the future generations. Unfortunately, in practice we only rarely come across such regional planning which takes all aspects of this definition into account. Regional planning is more or less just the 'copying' of the previously given models that correspond with the set rules and laws but do not take into account the local conditions, character and connections to the past of the concerned area. Only the research and following analysis of the historical development can help with getting high-quality materials for the suggestions of the future shape of the area. That is why we have tried from a number of different points of view (landscape composition, old roads and development of the area administration structure) to outline in which way the region could further develop to assure that people would not perceive the poetic charm of the baroque compositions only such as a preserved museum exhibit, but to be able to experience it as a part of their everyday activities outdoors in the landscape. The result should be a suggestion showing the historical face of this locality, but not such a one that is distant and free from everyday life, but on the other hand, one which is being actively used. It is improbable that the original plan of all landscape compositions will be revealed, but it is possible to respect a large number of indications and under the current conditions and with the current possibilities try to put the final touches to the environment, which could again, in the true sense of the word, become the 'landscape alive'.
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