Obtížný temperament v raném dětství
Infant difficult temperament
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This study describes the history, different conceptions and measurements of the so-called difficult temperament, the term that denotes an early propensity for negative emotions and dysregulation. A difficult temperament is related to a higher parental stress, depression, anxiety, lowered parental self-efficacy and worsened quality of the partner relationship. In infancy, it is generally connected to a rather lowered sensitivity and heightened restrictivity of the mother. It predicts behavioral problems, both directly and also through its negative impact on parenting. Different models of interactions between difficult temperament, parenting and developmental outcomes are introduced at the end of the study.
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