There is increasingly obvious competition in Hungarian higher education for resources and students. Recognizing that no reliable picture had emerged of the competitive positions of individual institutions, a league-table 'industry' appeared in Hungary in the mid-2000s, patterned on the higher-education league tables commonly found abroad. However, the methodology differs markedly from the ones used abroad and the results obtained are not always convincing. A survey of the methods used also raises interesting questions about the scope for analysing competition. The study looks at the main line of development in the transformation of higher education and the integral connection between accreditation and how the league tables are prepared.